What does it mean to be drawn by the Father? To me, the question is what is God’s role in salvation? Some people – I used to be one of them - don’t agree with what seems to be the clear meaning of this verse. Some theologians would say this is an example of “prevenient grace,” which means the ability to come to Christ is dispensed to all men. I don’t think that interpretation is valid for two main reasons.
The first is because the drawing here is selective. John 6:65 shows that God is in control of salvation, or to put it in biblical parlance “salvation belongs to the Lord” (see John 1:13). John 6:44 shows man’s universal incapacity – all lack the ability to come on their own because all are fallen. That’s why the “unless” in John 6:44 is a really big “unless”; God has acted and that changes everything!
The second reason is that the drawing here is efficacious; it produces the intended effect – salvation. John 6:37-40 show that those who are drawn are one and the same with those who will be raised up on the last day. Those who are drawn are those who will be raised, so obviously not every single person on the planet has been drawn – unless we want to walk down the path of universalism (“all are saved”). On a practical level, why would the Holy Spirit, who knows all things, draw all people to Jesus when he already knows who will be saved? What would be the point?